问题

  

远东军事法庭对日本战犯的起诉书(英文版)

日本战败后,东京审判时候的

  

参考答案

【中文版】

美国、中国、英国、苏联、澳洲、加拿大、法国、荷兰、纽西兰、印度、菲律宾,兹控诉被告荒木贞夫、土肥原贤二、桥木欣五郎、钿俊六、平治麒一郎、广田弘毅、星耶直树、坂恒征四郎、贺屋兴宣、木户幸一、木村兵太郎、小矶国昭、松井石根、松井洋右、南次郎、武藤章、永野修身、冈敬纯、大川周明、太岛浩、佐藤贤二、重光葵、岛田敏夫、铃木贞一、东乡茂德、东条英机、梅津美治郎等。

以下在本诉状中所提及之年月间,日本之对内对外政策,均由一罪行军阀集团所控制及指使,此等政策即造成严重之世界混乱,历次侵略战争,并使爱好和平人民与日本人民自身利益均遭极大损害之原因。

日本人民之头脑,曾为各种有害之思想有计划地加以毒化,彼等确认日本民族较亚洲其他民族,甚至整个世界民族,为优越。日本所有之议会机构,均被用广泛侵略之工具。而一与希特勒及纳粹党在德国所建立与法西斯党在意大利所建立者相似之制度,亦于当时被日本所采用。日本之经济财政资源大部分均被动员,作为发动之用,此对日本人民之福利,实有大害。

上述各被告人反获得其他侵略国家—即纳粹德国及法西斯意大利—通知者之合作,遂共同进行一大阴谋,此阴谋之主要目的,乃为各侵略过取得对世界其余国家之控制与剥削地位,为达到此目的,实行破坏和平或鼓励违反和平之罪行,各种战争罪行,以及违反本军事法庭县长中规定人道行为之罪行,而威胁损害人类自由基人类尊严之基本原则。

为欲促进并完成上述计划,各被告竟利用彼等本身之权力及军政地位,个人之声望及势力,蓄意并实行计划,准备发动或进行对美国、中国、英国、苏联、澳洲、加拿大、法国、荷兰、纽西兰、印度、菲律宾,以及其他爱好和平国家之侵略性战争,彼等不仅违反国际公法,且亦违反神圣的条约束缚义务及保证。彼等此种计在违反文明国家所之战争惯例习俗,而从事惨杀无辜,使人残废,并虐待战俘,被拘平民,及航行海上之人员,不给彼等以足用之粮食住所、衣服、医药照顾,或其他适当注意。强迫彼等在非人的状况下作苦工,百般施以凌辱。为日本利益计,尽量榨取被征服各国人力及经济资源,掠夺公私财产,不顾是否有何军事需要,对于村镇城市滥施破坏,对于各战败过无抵抗力之平民大众,又大批屠杀、强奸、劫掠、滥施酷刑及其他非人子残暴。加强日本海路军集团对于日本政府官员及一般机关之分配势力及控制力量,复普遍设立所谓大政翼赞会,阐扬向外扩张之国家主义政策,传播战争宣传,严密统制报纸及无线电,在心理上造成赞同侵略战争之日本舆论,在各征服国家内建立傀儡政府并与德意缔结军事同盟,俾以武力扩大日本侵略计划。

因此,上百列名各国家特派出合法代表,代表各该国政府,出席本法庭,对各主要战犯之罪行审讯并予以检举,并根据一九四五年七月二十日公布之波茨坦宣言,一九四五年九月二日之日本投降文件,及本军事法庭之县长,控诉上述诸人,一如下文所述,犯有破坏和平罪、战争罪,违反人道罪,及为犯此种罪行而决定共同计划或阴谋罪,故上述各人均被列为本案之被告,并在下列之罪状中,分别予以控诉。

【英文版】

United States, China, Britain, Russia, Australia, Canada, France, the Netherlands, New Zealand, India, the Philippines, the accused is hereby Sadao Araki, Kenji Doihara bridge Kingoro wood, tin, Jun 6, Mercedes-Benz Kiichiro, Koki Hirota , star Jesus Naoki, Osaka constant Seishiro, Kaya Okinobu, Kido Koichi, Kimura soldiers Hashimoto, Kuniaki Koiso, Iwane Matsui, Yosuke Matsui, Minami, Jiro, Muto chapter, Osami Nagano, Oka, pure, Okawa Zhou, too Island Ho, Kenji Sato, Mamoru Shigemitsu, Toshio Shimada, Suzuki Ching 1, Shigenori Togo, Hideki Tojo, Shinjiro Umezu, etc..

Following in the complaint referred to the Clear, the Japans domestic and foreign policies, by a crime under the control of warlords and the instigation of the Group, these policies that is causing serious disruption of the world, wars of aggression and make peace-loving people their own interests with the Japanese people have met with great damage to the cause.

Japanese peoples minds, the minds of men who have a variety of harmful in a planned way to be poisoned, the best of their confirmed that the Japanese nation over other nations in Asia, or even the whole world nation and the superiority. All of Japans parliamentary body, were to use a wide range of tools of aggression. The one with the Hitler and the Nazi Party in Germany, established with the fascist party in Italy, established similar to the system, but also adopted by the Japanese at that time. Most of Japans economic and financial resources were mobilized for use as a launch, the Japanese peoples well-being, there is great damage.

The above-mentioned accused of aggression against access to other countries - namely, Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy - notifier of cooperation, subsequently carried out jointly a major conspiracy, the main purpose of this plot, is too aggressive for the rest of the world countries to gain control and exploitation of the status of , in order to achieve this goal, the implementation of the peace breach of the peace or encourage the violation of a crime, all kinds of war crimes and violation of the county court martial of the offenses set forth in humane behavior, while the threat of free radical damage to human beings the basic principles of human dignity.

To want to promote and complete the above plan, the defendants went so far as to use the best of their own military and political position of authority and the individuals reputation and influence, deliberately and implement plans, preparing to launch or to the United States, China, Britain, Russia, Australia, Canada, France, , the Netherlands, New Zealand, India, the Philippines, as well as other peace-loving nations of the aggressive war, the best of their violation of international law, There is also the violation of sacred treaty obligations and to ensure binding. The best of their account in violation of civilized nations, such as customs of the customs of war, while engaged in massacre of innocent, disabled people, and abuse of prisoners of war, detained civilians, and navigation at sea of the staff,

Do not give the best of their residence in order to make full of food, clothing, medical care, or other appropriate attention. In the inhuman conditions forced the best of their testimony was hard labor, in every possible way to impose humiliation. Japans interests to try to extract the conquered countries in human and economic resources, looting of public and private property, regardless of whether there were any military needs for the indiscriminate destruction of cities towns and villages, for the defeat of the civilian population had no resistance, but also a large number of killings, rape, looting, torture and other cruel inhuman child. Army Group, for the strengthening of the Sea of Japan Japanese government officials and the general authority of the distribution of power and control of forces, re-establishment of the so-called major political wing of the universal praise Council

Outward expansion of the nationalism espoused policies, the dissemination of war propaganda, strict hierarchy newspapers and radio, resulting in the psychological support of Japans war of aggression in the press in the conquered countries to establish a puppet government and the conclusion of a military alliance with Germany and Italy, to serve to expand the use of force Japans aggressive plans.

Thus, hundreds of column names to send legitimate representative of the national special on behalf of the Government, to attend the court and the trial of major war criminals of the crime and be accused, and in accordance with published July 20, 1945 Potsdam Declaration, September 2, 1945 of the Japanese surrender documents, and of the military court of the county, accusing the Morohito, one as discussed below, have committed a crime against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and for committing types of crimes have decided to jointly plan or conspiracy, so these persons were classified as the case of the defendant, and in the following of the counts, respectively be complaint.

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